SEWA NAGAR EDUCATIONAL CENTRE
Angaja Foundation has begun a non-formal educational centre underneath the Sewa Nagar Flyover, Near Dhobi Ghat in August this year. The main focus is educating the underprivileged children living there under difficult circumstances. There are a total of 39 children out of which only some of them go to the school. At the centre, we teach basic English, Hindi and Math to the children and also help the school going children with their homework. Apart from imparting education, care is taken to involve the children in prayer, national anthem, stories, games and other activities. We begin the centre everyday with a prayer, followed by the national anthem. Then the children are involved in games. Playing games can be a brilliant way to enhance learning abilities in kids. After teaching the children, we focus on health education which is imparted to the women with the aim of improving the health of the people to empower them to take control over their well-being and enable them to make healthy choices. The people are motivated towards keeping their environment clean, use clean drinking water and eat healthy food. They are also made aware about family planning, vaccination, birth control measures, pregnancy, personal hygiene and also about various diseases such as diarrhoea, malaria and dengue. The condition of the people living in the slum is terrible. They do not have access to basic needs like toilets and water. The inhabitants are uneducated and also lack basic civic sense. They throw garbage randomly and there are spit marks seen everywhere keeping their environment very dirty. Also, there are a lot of social problems like alcoholism, child marriage and child labour, child labour where the children accompany their parents for begging and selling pens and other small items at red lights. The adults take up jobs in the informal sector, like cleaning houses and temporary labours such as rickshaw pullers, housekeeping etc, to serve their financial needs and are mostly dependent on the food items donated to them by the people. Despite some of the children attending the government school, the level of education is very poor. Therefore, we decided to start our centre and work towards the development of underprivileged children and adults.
Feeding the Bulls
Angaja Foundation focuses on animal welfare by helping animals in distress. Apart from feeding cows, we are also feeding bulls near our animal shelter in Jaunapur and Sewa Nagar, Kotla Mubarakpur. We have also set up water troughs for cows and other animals in Sewa Nagar, Kotla Mubarakpur, Kalyanpuri, Block 18, the slum area where we work and the industrial area, Udyog Vihar I in Gurgaon. We ensure that our coordinators and the community people change the water daily. We have seen the cattle foraging from the open garbage bins and looking for anything edible to survive. They cannot differentiate between plastic and food and they swallow both. They are in a bad condition – eating polybags and waste which has poisonous content. Although the gujjars are the residents of Jaunapur Village, who were the traditional milkmen in Delhi, they are not interested in feeding these bulls. According to Indian tradition, most people believe in feeding cows, which is a good thing. But nobody is sympathetic towards the bulls. Bulls are used for agricultural purposes in rural areas. But since Delhi is an urban area, nobody can use bulls for agriculture, so they are getting redundant. It is a real challenge for us to feed the bulls - sometimes we have to feed them late at night and especially nowadays in this cold weather. We feel that all the cattle on roads should be in Goushalas and it should be everyone’s moral duty to feed and look after them.
The Pitiable Condition of Horses Used for Weddings
On 12th December 2018, the General Secretary of Angaja Foundation, Ms Raka Sinha Bal came across two horses on the Gadaipur – Sultanpur Road ahead of Andheria Mode. They were being used for wedding ceremonies. They were in a very bad condition. One of them had terrible skin problem and the other horse had deformed hoofs. Both of them were very weak. One could feel the extreme pain and the psychological trauma that the horses were going through. According to PETA India CEO and equine expert Manilal Valliyate, “Horses used in wedding celebrations are commonly malnourished, sick, and wounded and horse providers often use spiked bits to keep these animals still, amidst the chaotic noise and crowd. The animals used for such purposes are often found to be “sick, injured, and lame and when they are not being forced to give rides or perform, they are typically kept in filthy conditions and tied up with ropes that are often so short that the animals cannot engage in normal movements”. Our General Secretary stopped her car and took down all the details of the baggi wala. We tried to call the tent house but the phone did not go through. So, the next day, our coordinator visited Trilokpuri to find out about these horses. On reaching there, our coordinator found out that there was a small grocery shop and the tent house together under the board named ‘Yaseen Band – old ghodi baggi wala’. Our coordinator met Yaseen at the shop who informed us that he does not own horses anymore. This year in February, the police took his two horses away after somebody had complained about them. He was also beaten by the police. We told him that we had seen the two horses in Gadaipur the previous day. He said that he had brought them from Bulandshahr for the wedding and they had returned back on the same day. Meanwhile, the organisation contacted People For Animals, an animal welfare organization to take their advice on how the horses could be rescued. Ms. Avantika, one of their coordinator also spoke to Yaseen. He also told her that he got the horses from Bulandshahr for the wedding. She scolded him badly and afterwards he apologized to her and also to us saying that he will not be using the horses again. We warned him of the dire consequences he would face if he again made the same mistake. The organisation is planning to send its team to Bulandshahr to find out about the condition of these horses. The town is also a centre for supplying horses for wedding celebrations to Delhi and other nearby areas. So we will check the condition of the horses used for such purposes.
Tiger - a Beautiful Abandoned German Shepherd Rescued in Gurgaon
In January 2019, Our General Secretary Ms. Raka Sinha Bal along with her driver, Sundar came across a dog on the Gurgaon – Faridabad Road. He is a beautiful German Shepherd and we call him ‘Tiger’. He was running after any car that was passing by the area. When we stopped the van, he came towards us. On opening the door, he entered inside the van. We immediately rescued him and brought him to our shelter in village Jaunapur. We are taking care of him in a good environment taking care of his food and water. Without being rescued, the dog would have otherwise died since it is a busy road and he might have come under some vehicle.
Tug of War and Football being played in slums
The organization organizes several sports events over the year between the youth and the men. It is a permanent activity and we believe that it helps create a friendly and interactive environment between the youth and men. A sports club in both the centres has been formed in which children, youth and men are a part and we make sure to organize several games with them on a regular basis. By involving men in the games, we give a message to the men that instead of playing cards during their free time, they can also indulge their time in sports activities which is also good for their mental and physical health. And, involving the youth in sports prevents them from engaging in anti-social behaviour by focusing their energy into activities which are fun and productive. We have appointed a captain and vice-captain of both the clubs who also help us in organizing these games like bringing together the teams, arranging for the equipments and also collecting the audience. Several games like Cricket, Football, Tug of War, Kabaddi, Kho Kho and others are played. Once again, we organized a competition between the men and youth group at both our centres in Kalyanpuri and Mansarovar Park on 12th and 15th January 2019 respectively. This time, Tug of War and Football was played. Football and Tug of War are the games widely played in the slum communities among the children. The games began with national anthem followed by a toss. The players from both the teams performed extraordinarily. From Kalyanpuri, men’s team won Tug of War and the youth team won the Football Match. In Mansarovar Park, the youth team won the game of Tug of War and there was a tie between both the teams in the Football Match. The most important thing is that all the participants should enjoy themselves no matter which team wins.
Yuva Utsav and NGO Mela
The New Delhi YMCA holds its Annual ‘Yuva Utsav and NGO Mela’ for the promotion and holistic development of marginalized children and youth. This year it was held on 5th and 6th December and the theme was ‘Social Media: Boon or Bane’. The children and youth from Angaja Foundation’s centres in Kalyanpuri and Mansarovar Park actively participated in this event and performed in many activities. The several events were Rangoli, Poster Making, Mehndi, Folk and Bollywood Dance, Nukkad Naatak, Sports Activities like Sack Race, Hurdle Race, Lemon-Spoon Race and Tug of War. Our children won prizes in sports events and excelled in dance performances and nukkad naatak spreading the message of social awareness. The first play showed the story of a boy who was rejected in a marriage proposal because he was not active on social media. In the second play, the actors showed the effects of spreading fake news on social media. The purpose of spreading fake news is to cause havoc among the viewers which can lead to difficult circumstances. It was a fun-filled event for all the participants.
A friendly cricket match was organized between men and youth group by Angaja Foundation at Kalyanpuri and Mansarovar Park in July. The match started with national anthem being sung, followed by a toss. The men’s team won the toss and chose to bat first. It was a five over game. The youth group didn’t take very long and won the match by eight wickets. The viewers cheered loudly for both the teams which motivated them to play well. Cricket is a team sport and every player must develop the team spirit to working in harmony with each other to win the match. The players learn cooperation and build a sense of pride and accomplishment when their team wins. We organize the sports event to create a friendly and interactive environment between the youth and the men and also to tell the men that instead of playing cards every time, they can also indulge their time in sports activities which is also good for their mental and physical health. Sports require and teach discipline, confidence, team-work, patience, tolerance, etc. which are essential components of life skills. Sports also help prevent children from engaging in anti-social behaviour by navigating their energy into activities which are fun and productive. Even before the match was over, they started talking of another match – football or cricket again. It was decided that next time we would again group youth and men and make it even more fair and fun.
Kho Kho and Kabaddi Match
Sports activities are an essential component for a nation’s holistic development. Increasing access to sports have lead to multiple benefits – healthier population, better educational attainment, development of life skills, equal opportunities for all the children. We, at Angaja Foundation, feel that there is an urgent need to make sports accessible throughout our country. And, for the same we had organized a Kho Kho and Kabaddi match in Mansarovar Park and Kalyanpuri Slum Area on 24th February and 14th April 2018. It was boys ‘children versus youth group’ match. They were divided in two groups consisting of two teams each. The children were very happy and highly energetic for the games. The game began with the National Anthem being sung, creating a spirited environment. We all together cheered aloud when the players came onto the field. We began with Kho Kho Match first. After the toss, the children’s group decided to be the defenders. So, the youth group became the chasers. Both the teams played very well. It was won by the youth group. The game of Kabaddi was won by the children’s team. These games are not only very physical, with lots of running but are also brilliant for encouraging teamwork. Both the teams had to watch carefully and work together. We told the children about the importance of playing. We thought that it was time that we get together to bring the children to the playing field and educate them about the benefits of physical activity. Playing together also makes the children learn that how as a team they can achieve their goal easily.
"Holi Mela" in Bal Sahyog on 27th Feb, 2018
Bal Sahyog invited Angaja Foundation and other NGOs to participate in the Holi Mela aimed to provide a platform for showing the NGOs’ solidarity and exchanging ideas towards betterment and empowerment of marginalized section of the society. It was also an opportunity to celebrate festival of colors - Holi at Bal Sahyog. It was an informal get together to celebrate Holi and there was also an exhibition cum sale of the products of different organizations. Colorful stalls, music, dance, poem recitation, mimicry, play and many more activities were a part of the event. . Angaja Foundation’s children took part in the play which was titled ‘Naari ka Sashaktikaran’. In this naatak, the viewers were made aware on how women empowerment is necessary and is a significant topic in the development of our nation. They also send a message to end domestic violence that prevails in our country. The children got a chance to enhance their skills through this naatak. A huge crowd had gathered appraising the talent of Angaja’s children. After the naatak, the children took a round of the mela, visiting different stalls and also playing games there.
International Women’s Day 2018
International Women's Day is celebrated on March 8 every year. And on the same day, we celebrated this important day at Mansarovar Park Slum Area with a lot of joy and enthusiasm. The programme began with a short speech marking the importance of the day. Further then, we had a small dance presentation by a girl on the song ‘Maiya Yashoda’, who danced very beautifully. Then we began with the play on Women Empowerment. It was titled ‘Naari ka Shashaktikaran’. The main purpose of the naatak was to create awareness among the people on the importance of women empowerment. It ended with a huge applause by the audience. The day ended with again a dance performance by a group of girls which was enjoyed by the dancers as well as the viewers.
Puppies Rescued from SDA
Angaja Foundation’s General Secretary Ms. Raka Sinha Bal rescued eight puppies from Safdarjung Development Area. Nine puppies were born. Out of which, one passed away due to the hot temperature. The remaining eight were rescued and brought to Angaja Foundation Animal Shelter in Jaunapur. The puppies were less than a month old. They were all very weak, in poor condition and were very thin. They are taken care of in a good environment, proper food and water is provided and their vaccination is taken care of by us. They are happily thriving in our shelter. The puppies would have otherwise died since it is a busy road and they might have come under the vehicles. Now, their proper care is taken at the shelter and they are doing well. The puppies were less than a month old. Shortly, all of them will be vaccinated. A puppy that got a protective environment could not be left out. Somebody having love and adoption for dogs can only help.
Many animals die due to dehydration and diseases caused by polluted water that they drink from dirty places. To help these animals, our General Secretary Ms.Raka Sinha Bal of Angaja Foundation initiated to setup water trough for the stray animals in the area of Vasant Kunj, Kalyanpuri, Jaunapur and Udyog VIhar I in Gurgaon.
We have not just installed the trough, but have ensured that our coordinators and the community people change the water daily. The motive behind this is to ensure that stray animals get fresh water and are prevented from a heat stroke. It should be the responsibility of all the people to put up water bowls near their house; it doesn’t only benefit the stray animals but also the birds.
Angaja foundation also focuses towards environment and animal welfare. We work as a flash point wherever environmental degradation is taking place in Delhi or the other states. We have contacted different wildlife organizations based in Delhi pushing them to take some action on these issues. If we hear anything, we try to take action to prevent it.
In May 2018, in Gurgaon, surrounding the DLF Golf Course, is a forest area (government) where there are several Nilgai to be found. Near this forest, there are many high-rise buildings and two roads built near the forest. One road is very busy and the other is a little less busy. On the latter road, our General Secretary Ms. Raka Sinha Bal has frequently seen Nilgai and she saw them running into an area which is not a forest. There are many high-rises in that area. These beautiful animals must be in acute danger due to the roads and buildings. Also, would there be water bodies for them to drink water. There is a need to relocate all the animals to a forest which is not surrounded by roads and high-rises and this needs to be done urgently.
Also, in Hyderabad, 50 wild boars were shot dead at the Air Force Academy in Dundigal. Telangana forest department issued orders “to cull the wild boars, which are allegedly damaging tender grass and greenery at Air Force Academy and posing a danger to the safety of trainees and aircraft”. Instead of killing them, they could have been relocated.
The major number of forest fires in our forests is caused due to human negligence but natural fires constitute the greater percentage of the total area burned. We recently came across forest fires in Chamba region, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand but these Forest Fires are happening all over the state. We have contacted Mr. Avinash from Wildlife Protection Society of India, who said that these forest fires occur naturally due to lightning and dry weather, sometimes due to cigarette and bidi left outs and also to clear the land to cultivate it again. According to Ms. Raka Sinha Bal, these fires should be put out by throwing water down from helicopters and it should be the responsibility of the forest department and the state government.
Mrs Kala Devi (50 years old) from Mansarovar Park Slum, is suffering from Throat Infection. This happened with her in November 2017, when she had gone to her village in Uttar Pradesh for getting her daughter married. Since then, due to this, she is barely able to speak anythig. There is always harshness in her voice. Pain in the throat is one of the most common symptoms. Most sore throats are caused by infections, or by environmental factors like dry air.
So, we advised her to go to Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital for her treatment. The doctor advised her to get the Blood Test done. She submitted her reports to the doctor and now she is advised to get CT Scan done. She will again be called on 29th January for the test. She is on the way towards improvement.
Latifa Khatoon (75 years old) is from Mansarovar Park Slum. She has been paralyzed since last three years. The left part of her body has been paralyzed. She went to the doctor at GTB Hospital for her treatment. When asked by the doctor, she denied any pain. The doctor told her that she is fine and the only thing she requires is some exercise. Movement of her hand and leg is necessary to keep it going. But since she is slightly over-weight, she does some basic household chores like sweeping and cleaning her house, filling the water tubs etc. According to the doctor, it is only exercise and daily work that can help her with the movement of her body parts.
Seema Devi (30 years old) is from Mansarovar Park Slum. What happened with her was that after the delivery of her second child, her stitches got open. So, for her treatment she went to General Hospital. The doctors told her that they will operate her when she will be delivering next time. But she told the doctors that she already has two kids and is not planning for a third one. So the doctors say that it is not a problem.
Ragini is a five year old girl from Kalyanpuri Slum Area. She used to cry all the time and kept on fainting frequently due to which her parents were also worried a lot. She also used to get fits but it used to recover quickly and she is also not able to speak clearly. Her parents took her to IHBAS Hospital and the doctor suggested X-Ray and ECG. The reports came normal and no medicines were advised to her. With time, she is recovering slowly and now faints no more. For her inability to speak clearly, the doctor suggested her speech therapy for which she is going to the doctor every week.
Angaja Foundation rescued puppies from Safdarjung Development Area. Nine puppies were born. They were very weak. Out of which, 3 had accidents and two of them passed away. Some kind soul took one puppy to the hospital and helped in his treatment. Two of the puppies were adopted by some people living in Mohammad Pur and Arjun Nagar. Four were rescued and were sent to Angaja Foundation Animal Shelter in Jaunapur. These four remaining puppies are happily thriving in our shelter. They are provided food and milk and their vaccination is taken care of by us. The three bitches will be soon operated by the MCD. The puppies would have otherwise died since it is a busy road and they might have come under the vehicles. Now, their proper care is taken at the shelter and they are doing well.
We found six puppies with their mother in Najafgarh area. The puppies were less than a month old. They were all very weak. They were rescued by Angaja Foundation, otherwise, without rescue; they would have all died due to the cold weather. The mother got mange problem. Now they are sent to Angaja Foundation Animal Shelter in Jaunapur. They are taken care of in a good environment, proper food and water is provided. They were in a poor condition and were very thin. They recovered after they were provided with a good diet at the shelter home. Shortly, all of them will be vaccinated.
Raju is a male dog. A couple of months back, in 2016, the master of the house passed away. He had two daughters and a son. The daughters were married and the son and daughter-in-law started controlling the house. The lady of the house didn’t have any control. So, the son sent away the dog as his wife was pregnant and they decided to throw the dog away. Then, Gunjan took the charge. She took him to the boarding, which was very expensive. She later wanted to give them for adoption. He became very snappy after he was adopted by a family. The family refused to keep the dog further as he was very big. By that time, the dog had given up physically and emotionally. Now, Raju has finally been rescued by Angaja Foundation. Rubina - Ms. Gunjan takes care of the dogs in her area. A nearby dhaba owner called her to inform about an accident of a dog. When he reached there, she found out a two-month old puppy, whose hands and legs were crushed. She was so weak that he could not even stand up. She had to be put in some boarding. She got fever for one and a half months. She couldn’t be sent back to the dhaba. They got her sterilized and tried to send her to some open kind of a place. She was emotionally disturbed. A puppy that got a protective environment could not be left out. Somebody having love and adoption for dogs can only help .
Farmers exposure at PUSA Institute
We had called the farmers for their exposure at Pusa Institute. A group of farmers from Lalitpur in Madhya Pradesh had come for the training program which was held on 30th January 2018. They were received by Mr. Dinesh and Mr. Anubhav at the railway station. Then, we took them to the Pusa Institute where they were supposed to stay. We had already arranged for the meals and lodgings in Pusa Institute Hostel. Our General Secretary Ms Raka Sinha Bal also reached there to attend the training. We were first told about IARI. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) commonly known as Pusa Institute is India's national Institute for agricultural research, education and extension. The farmers were also told about DD Kisan which is an Indian agriculture 24-hour television channel owned by Doordarshan which has been dedicated to agriculture and related sectors and also told about the Pusa helpline number (1800 -180 – 1551) where the farmers can call toll-free to ask for their queries. Then we were taken to the field and saw the kitchen garden where they cultivate different types of crops and also some Ayurvedic crops. We saw a Biogas Plant and learnt that with the help this biogas plant we can also make our food. Our General Secretary, Ms Raka Sinha Bal interacted with the farmers and asked about their problems related to farming. They told us that in their area, there is shortage of water and so they wanted to know to do farming using less amount of water. The farmers were told to know the level of their field and were asked not over fill it with water. Afterwards we were shown a video about the insects which are helpful for the crops. We also learnt how to save the crops and grains in the Store Houses by the insects and rodents. There was another lecture based on Sustainable Integrated Farming System for poor and marginal farmers where they were told about the types of farming and how to do farming in a better manner with new types of seeds prepared by Pusa Institute. And another one on how to make organic fertilizers. It was a wonderful experience for us and the farmers. The sessions were very informative and we got to learn a lot through the field visits.
A Visit to the Zoo
Eight children of Kalyanpuri Slum area visited the Zoo on 31st March, 2017 along with two teachers. The main objective of the visit was to promote awareness of endangered animals. We reached the zoo at 11.30AM and were there till 3.30PM. The children saw that there were separate enclosures for birds, animals and reptiles. Tigers and Lions were in well protected enclosures. Then there was an enclosure meant for birds in which there were different kinds of Parrots, Pigeons, Peacocks and other birds of different colors and from different countries. There were Deers, Bears, Monkeys, Chimpanzees, Zebras, Black Bucks, Elephants, Camels and other animals. The children can have joy rides on Elephants and Camels if they want. There was an artificial lake where Crocodiles are kept. Giraffe and Bengal Tiger was an attraction for the children. There were a few Leopards and Cheetahs too. Then there was the reptile section where different kinds of Snakes were kept. We had our lunch break later. The children ate the food that they bought with themselves. It was an enjoyable and unforgettable trip. The children thanked our General Secretary Mrs. Raka Sinha Bal and the teachers Ms. Lalita Ravi and Luvkush for their support and guidance in this trip.
Comic Creation Workshop
On 24th March 2017, Delhi Child Rights Club organized a ‘Comic Creation Workshop’ in collaboration with the Center for Science and Environment (CSE). Mr. Sorit Gupto, Graphic Designer, Down To Earth and Gobar Times had facilitated the workshop. The main objective was to train the children to express their ideas through short stories and images combined with text or other visual information. By the end of the workshop, every child was able to create at least one comic strip. After this workshop, follow-up sessions will be organized so that children are able to create comic strips for their school magazines, newsletters and also for the Delhi Children’s Times in the future. This workshop was held at Indian Social Institute, Lodhi Road, New Delhi from 9.30 am to 5.00 pm. Angaja Foundation participated with two children and the facilitator Ms Lalita Ravi. The children were Suman from M.S. Park and Rajender Kumar from Kalyanpuri. In this workshop, the children learnt to draw a comic style male and female face and learnt simple measurements to map out the face and make the drawing process much easier. They learnt how to create your line art and refine the rough sketch to get it ready for the coloring process and finished the drawings by adding color and effects to their artwork. By the end of this workshop, the children understood the use of the tools that help in creating comic strips.
Digital Story Telling Workshop
children and the coordinators were taught how to write a story and the main elements of story writing. There are five key elements that should be a part of every story: character, setting, conflict, plot and theme. Another important element is the identification of the key moment in a story as it helps in building the story. The children were asked to write their real life stories and not cook it up. The children were able to write their stories on the first day of the workshop and they also read out their stories in front of everyone. On the second day, the stories were edited by the facilitator of the workshop. She pointed out the errors and asked us to make the changes that were needed. In the second half, we started making drawings related to our stories. For every line we wrote, we had to make a drawing for that. The drawings were coloured by us and it continued till the third day of the workshop. After finishing the drawings, we had to arrange them in the correct sequence. Finally the recording began. The selected stories were read out by the children and they were getting recorded in a different room. The story would be presented along with the drawings before everyone once they are finished finally. The Digital story telling is a very exciting medium through which the children could express the emotions which are very close to their heart. Everyone wrote their real life instances whether happy or sad. The drawings and colouring were also done very beautifully. In this workshop, the children were trained how to do digital storytelling, and by the end of the day children were able to prepare and present a small digital story before the group.
International Yoga Day Celebration
On the occasion of International Yoga Day, June 21, Angaja Foundation hosted a 45 minutes yoga session for the children in the nearby garden of Mansarovar Park Community Center and Kalyanpuri’s Ambedkar Park. Thirty underprivileged children attended the program and learnt the core yoga principles and asanas (poses) with the guidance of counselor Lalita Ravi. The program began with the children singing ‘Vande Mataram’ and engaging in a brief meditation. Upon finishing their meditation, the children were demonstrated how to do Surya Namaskar, which involves 12 distinct poses. The children were able to do the asanas perfectly. The children demonstrated poses like Bhramri Pranayam and Anulom Vilom Pranayam. After celebrating their new knowledge and practice of yoga, the children took a tour of the park and the lake and visited the deer enclosure. They saw herds of deer, peacocks and monkeys in the park before returning to the garden to complete their yoga program. Our Counselor concluded the programme by asking the children to think about why yoga is good for the mind and the body. Their knowledge and passion for yoga was evident in their responses. The children promised Counselor Lalita Ravi they would continue practicing their yoga skills every day. This International Yoga Day celebration was a great success.
On 29th April, 2017, Delhi Child Rights Club organized a workshop on Theatre as a tool to create awareness. Mr. Yogesh (Theatre in Education officer, Butterflies) facilitated the workshop. The main objective of the workshop was to train the children on how to express their ideas and thoughts through street theatre and how it would help them to build their confidence and articulation skills. The aim was to teach the children to use theatre as a tool to create awareness, characters and texts in an imaginative and a unique way. This would develop their performance skills that will stay with them throughout their life. The workshop offers a broad selection of creative experiments and project ideas. Theatre Arts Training (TAT) program is designed to mould the next generation of theatre professionals in a guided, dynamic style program that is tailored to the needs of each individual student. Simultaneously, TAT offers an open-enrollment program which encourages exploration while creating for each individual student the opportunity to see the world through the diverse lens of the performing arts. The theatre workshop has been a revelation for the kids who come from slums around even though all of them go to school. The children were made to understand how to act and it was tough for facilitator to change the outlook of children about theatre. By the end of the session, they had the confidence to act in the theater. Their acting and level of knowledge was improved and a remarkable change was noticed after the workshop. After this workshop follow-up sessions were organized so that children would be able to create magazines and newsletters and also write for the Delhi Children’s Times. This workshop was held at Indian Social Institute, Lodhi Road, New Delhi. Angaja Foundation participated in the workshop with two children and facilitator Ms Lalita Ravi. Name of the children: Suman from Mansarovar Park and Anisha from Kalyanpuri.
Angaja Foundation invited many working men of Mansarovar.Park and Kalyanpuri area, school dropout children and working children and our center’s youth boys for a Football match. Around 15 children and 10 men took part in the game. They were divided in two groups consisting of two teams each. The match began at 3.00 PM. The Youth Team Strikers drove quickly to attack their goal but due to the strong defense by the Adult Men team, they could not score. Both the teams had a tough start to the match. The qualifying teams played the finals at around 3.40pm. The match started at 3:00pm and was over by 4.30pm. For some of the children, who were specially school dropout and working men, it was their first exposure to football match. The match was held at DDA Ram Park, Shahdara in North East Delhi for Mansarovar Park group and Ambedkar’s Park, Indira Camp for Kalyanpuri group. Needless to say, they were enthralled by what they saw around them when they were playing football. The game began with the National Anthem being sung, creating a spirited environment. The children cheered aloud when the players came onto the field. In the middle of the first half, the very first goal was scored by Group A, where adult’s men and school dropout children were playing. Supporters were ecstatic and shouted aloud in glee. Kids from Mansarovar Park were the strongest supporters, waving their jackets in the air adding to the competitive spirit. Alas, the match was a draw, much to the dismay of the young ones who wanted their team to win. But not to be deterred, one little girl-fan very proudly said ‘Humari team ne achha khela tha’ not to be left out. It happened on 21st January, 2017 in Mansarovar Park and on 28th January, 2017 in Kalyanpuri.
Workshop on Painting Diyas and Matkas
On 18th July 2017, we organized a diya and matka painting workshop for the children of Mansarovar Park Slum Area and on 17th July 2017 for the children of Kalyanpuri Slum Area. The children were taught how to paint the Diyas and Matkas which were made out of mud and clay. It began with cleaning the diyas and matkas, they were washed, soaked and dried up completely. Before starting the painting, the children were told to analyse the design first and decide which color is to go where. The colours were mixed on the palette and were applied as a base coat. After the base coat dried up, other colours were applied making different designs and patterns. The children were also taught the use of metallic colors, such as silver and gold, to give the diya a richer and sophisticated appearance. They already knew how to paint the diyas as they told us that during the Diwali festival, they paint it every year. The children drew beautiful patterns on them and coloured them beautifully. All the children got the diyas from their homes. A few children also got their own paint brushes since we had only a few brushes with us. It was a fun-filled time for all the children and they really had a good time doing painting. The workshop was important to teach them how to paint and enhance and bring out the hidden talent that the children have in them.
DCRCs workshop on Career Guidance
There was a career guidance workshop on 4th July 2017 held at ISI. The resource person from ITI (Industrial training institute), East Nizamuddin facilitated the workshop. The main objective of the workshop was to help the adolescent children with various career options provided by the ITI, Delhi. ITI has 17 centres in Delhi along with one extension centre which comes under the Department of Training and Technical Education. Out of the 17 centres, 4 are meant for the girls. ITI runs 52 courses in Delhi, out of which 48 are for those who have passed their 10th standard and 4 courses for those who have passed 8th standard. ITI, Arab ki Sarai, Nizamuddin is the oldest ITI in Delhi. It has its own admin block, workshops, office blocks, library, parks, pump house, hostel, security room and electric sub-station. They provide good environment for studies and physical health of the trainees like NCC, sports and cultural activities. ITI was first known as ‘Training cum Production centres’, but since in production the skills of the children were not enhanced, it changed to ITI. There are 25 courses in the NIzamuddin centre. Other ITI are located in Pusa, Narela, Vivek VIhar, Shahdara, Malviya Nagar, TIlak Nagar and other places. Admission is merit based and 90% seats are reserved for Delhi students (passing out from schools located in Delhi). 10% are reserved for students outside Delhi, 30% is reserved for girl students in all the courses. There is no fee for the girls. 3% is reserved for physically handicapped, 3% for the army and 3% for the children of government employees. The remaining seats are open to all. 95% seats are filled every year. The dropout rate has reduced from 15% to 10%. It is a certificate course and the pass out children can also go for higher education like diploma or degree. There are more than 60 companies who hire children from ITI every year. Toyota directly hires the children passed out from ITI Dheerpur. The highest paid and highest employed job is of the Plumbers and the best course foe self employment is Welder. ITI provides DTC passes at concessional rates and also, migration to different centres is possible. The fee structure is Rs. 200 per month for Engineering Trades (Rs 100 Tuition Fee & Rs 100 Non Tuition Fee) and Rs 150 per month for Non-Engineering Trades (Rs 75 Tuition Fee & Rs 75 Non Tuition Fee). SC/St candidates, Girls and PH are exempted from any kind of fees. They have a well established placement cell and provides direct job after ITI. The purpose is to develop the trainees, increase confidence and enable them to support their families. The institute has signed MoU with companies like Siemens, Daikin, Maruti Suzuki, IGL, Wadhwani Foundation, UNDP, Mahindra First Choice, LG, Voltas, Hero Moto Corp etc. Camps are organized for encouraging trainees to become Entrepreneurs. The trainees are motivated by Department of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, National Small Industries Corporations and Cottage and Village Industries. They are guided to prepare project reports for initiating steps to become Entrepreneurs.
Career options available for para medical courses provided by Yuva Healthcare :
Yuva Healthcare is an advanced skilling institute with a vision to build new generation of highly qualified healthcare professionals. They provide immersive training, lecture delivery, soft skills, practical training and digitized content with the help of specialized doctors, trained nurses, hospital network and healthcare educator.
The different courses provided by them are
- B.Voc Medical Imaging Technology – Head technician of X Ray and Medical Imaging Technologist
- Diploma in X Ray Technology and Ultrasound Assistance – X ray technician
- Diploma in Medical Lab Technology – Head Technician of Pathology Department
- B.Voc Patient Care Management – Patient Care Coordinator, Nursing Assistant, Dresser, Clinician Assistant
- B.Voc in Dialysis Technology – Dialysis Technician
- B.Voc Early Childhood Development – Anganwadi workers and their aids in ICDS
The meeting was led by Ms Manorama from Action India. She started the discussion by initiating the basic question that why there is a need of Mahila Panchayat. They were made to understand that women have never gained what they deserve and they need to march towards getting what has always been there. She talked about basic human rights, domestic violence and other major issues related to women and their daily lives. Later on Ms Maharani started the discussion and said that women have always been suppressed under the patriarchy, they have suffered in every aspect of their life and she also talked that how awareness, education and being independent, economical independence are the factors that are responsible for the present condition of women. “kya hum behno ko kabhi bina maange kuch mila hai ?” This was one question that she kept on repeating. The meeting was sparked by few motivating songs of liberation sung by Ms Maharani and Ms Manorama. The women agreed to the points discussed by them. They agreed to the fact that a group like this is very important because it is not always easy to go to police or court for every small family issue. They understood that since they had no knowledge about any of the laws or their rights as a result of which they are always the subordinate one. For e.g., Ms Maharani talked about the issue of domestic violence, It was very important for everyone to understand that domestic violence is illegal and domestic violence is not just about wife battering or physical violence but also equally incorporates economical violence. The team asked women to volunteer for leadership. The group is supposed to be headed by three women who will coordinate with the entire women in the group and decide date and time for the meetings and issues like domestic violence, eve teasing, family disputes etc will be resolved amongst the group and if the cases are major through proper channels our organization will help to take it to the next level. The women demanded identity cards for membership of the group. The meeting ended with the promise of meeting twice a month at an interval of 15 days for an hour at least. Next meeting is scheduled on 17th August 2017 and the second meeting will be on 30th August. In the end, samosas were distributed in the group. First four meetings will comprise of trainings for these women, they will be given knowledge on different laws and rights that is there for them. Also knowing the basic human rights, such information will make them feel empowered to some extent. After a strong rapport formation, women will get highly engrossed in Mahila Panchayat. The training session will also help them in understanding the root cause of the problem, vulnerability and risked involved as a result of which they will be able to come up with better solutions. It was also discussed that women apart from identity card will also get membership. This membership will charge Rs.10 per month, this money may be used as a financial help in future if needed by anyone.
Rescued 4 Calves
In Jaunapur Farm House Area, ahead of Mehrauli, four abandoned calves were seen by our General Secretary, Mrs. Raka Sinha Bal. These calves looked abandoned and undernourished. We fed them with grass and water every day and contacted an organization ‘Dhyan Foundation’ working with animals in distress to make necessary arrangement for these vulnerable calves to be kept in safe place where there is proper care and provision. Some sympathetic people near our animal shelter were willing to keep the calves. They had a doctor visiting them regularly to take care of these animals. An ear of one of the calves was totally damaged. They promised that they would take care of it. Those kind people of a nearby farm agreed to keep the calves. After the calves were treated properly and the ear was recovered, the calves were left free
Rescue of a baby crow
On 21st August, around 2 PM, the General Secretary of Angaja Foundation Ms Raka Sinha Bal came across an injured baby crow in Defence Colony area. The baby crow had lost its way and could not fly. We took it to Frendicoes where he was given proper treatment by the doctor. He was admitted there since his wings were injured. On 24th August, she again visited Frendicoes to find out about the condition of the baby crow. We were informed that the treatment was successful and the baby crow flew away.
Meeting on Child Protection Policy
The General Secretary, Ms Raka Sinha Bal attended a consultation with Heads of Associates of Delhi Child Right Club (DCRC) Alliance Partners on Child Protection Policy of the organization held on 21st August, 2017 at Butterflies, Green Park Child protection is the protection of children from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect. Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides for the protection of children in and out of the home. The children will come forward to report abuse if there is a Child Protection Policy. The Child Protection Policy is an essential foundation to protection of children. It helps in scoping the organization, building system by system and ensuring stakeholder coverage. A child is an individual thinking person. You need to respect the individuality of a child. As an organization, we need to focus on the touch bit. Child protection needs to permeate through the organization. One should be careful of putting photographs and the risks that are there in the organization. One such kind of risk is the risk from infrastructure e.g. electrical shocks. If the organization has a policy and when there is a risk, then you know the solution also. Volunteers, interns, external organizations, funders, visitors, consultants, researchers, suppliers are all a part of the policy. The policy focuses on those with whom the organization comes in contact with.
Independence day celebration
Any festival seems to be incomplete without celebration, singing, dancing and several enjoyable and creative activities, be it a National festival or a religious festival. Independence Day is one such day, which is celebrated with a lot of vigor, enthusiasm and patriotism. It reminds us about the struggle, sacrifices and hardships of our freedom fighters and great leaders, who sacrificed their life for our country. Independence Day was celebrated at Angaja Foundation centers on 12.08.2017 at Kalyanpuri and on 14.08.2017 at Mansarovar Park and did flag hoisting ceremony. The children and the adults were told how we got the freedom from the Britishers and also about our great freedom fighters. The programme started with a short speech on Independence Day and its importance followed by the song ‘Saare Jahaan Se Acha”. Then the children recited their poems and slogans. Some children recited them so beautifully that the others were spell bound to hear them. Patriotic poems and songs marked the day and gave it the national touch. The tuition and youth boys and girls were very happy as they held the Tricolor in their tiny hands, recited short poems & sang some patriotic songs with our coordinator Lalita Ravi. The students unfolded the Tri colour paying tribute to our leaders; they delivered speeches about freedom fighters & their sacrifices due to which India got its freedom. The students drew National Flag, showed respect to it and also told the message of the tri colors.
Janmashtami is a festival dedicated to kids as this is the day when the naughtiest kid ever-‘Krishna’ was born. The essence of Krishna is present in each child and it reflects through their playfulness and happy faces. To bring smile on the faces of our slum children, Angaja Foundation coordinator Lalita Ravi planned to spend some quality time with the Kalyanpuri and Mansarovar Park slum children at their center. And believe us, Janmashtami celebrations couldn’t get better! On this auspicious occasion of Janmashtami, we arranged a special drawing and painting competition and skit play on Radha Krishna. All the children were filled with enthusiasm and had a great time. Not just the children, others too enjoyed a lot. This is how we celebrated the birth anniversary of lord Krishna. We ensure to celebrate all the festivals and other important days with the children importantly to bring a smile on their faces. Janmashtami celebrates the birth of Lord Krishna. Ashtami is significant as it indicates a perfect balance between the seen and the unseen aspects of reality; the visible material world and the invisible spiritual realm. Krishna teaches us devotion with skill. To celebrate Janmashtami is to imbibe extremely opposite yet compatible qualities and manifest them in your own life. Hence the most authentic way of celebrating Janmashtami is knowing that you have to play a dual role — of being a responsible human being on the planet and Lord Krishna’s Birthday i.e. “Janmashtami” was celebrated on a grand scale by our NGO Angaja Foundation .
Id-ul-Zuha (Bakr-Id), which is also known as Eid al-Adha or Id-ul-Adha, is a festival that Muslims celebrate with special prayers, greetings and gifts Eid al-Adha is called "Bakr-Id" in India due to the tradition of sacrificing a goat or "Bakri". Id-ul-Zuha is a festival that is celebrated with traditional fervor and gaiety in India and the world. Many Muslims wear new clothes and attend an open-air prayer meeting during Id-ul-Zuha. They may sacrifice a sheep or goat and share the meat with family members, neighbors and the poor. Many Muslims feel that they have a duty to ensure that all Muslims can enjoy a meat based meal during this holiday. Muslims around the world believe that Allah (God) commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son Ismail. Ibrahim followed God's orders, but his son got replaced by a sheep at the last moment. Angaja Foundation launched a Black Ribbon tying campaign in the center during the Id-ul-Zuha. The children tied black ribbon on their arms to observe the festival as a black day and a protest to ban butchering of animals without showing pity or concern for them. The NGO has formed a ‘Team Bakr-Eid’ to deal with the animal sacrifices during the Bakr - Eid when animals are sacrificed. During Bakra Eid, Muslims slaughter cows, camels, goats, sheep and rams to honor Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his only son to God. Angaja Foundation protested in Kalyanpuri and Mansarovar Park and said, “We want to show that religious activities can be carried out without causing harm to animals.” Tendency to sacrifice animals, even on roads and public places, are developing fast every year on Bakr-Eid in the most uncouth and inhuman manner and litres of blood is spread at public places affecting the sentiments of public at large. Article 14, 21 and 25 of the Constitution of India says "It is most respectfully submitted that animals sacrifice on Bakr-Eid day is cruel, inhuman, barbarian, decency and morality and the same cannot be protected in the name of religion as such practice is in violation”
Angaja Foundation celebrated Raksha Bandhan Festival at Mansarover Park slum area and Kalyanpuri slum area on 04.08.2017 and 05.08.2017 respectively. All tuition group children, youth group children and coordinator Lalita Ravi participated in the programme. All the children were very excited. The Tuition Group girls tied the Rakhi to the Tuition Group boy’s wrist and the General Knowledge Group girls tied the Rakhi to the General Knowledge Group boy’s wrist. After tying the Rakhi, the boys offered sweets to the girls. Raksha Bandhan means ‘the tie or knot of protection’. It is a celebration of love and duty. The festival means ‘bond of protection’. It celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters, represents a sister’s love and prayers for her brother and the brother’s promise to protect her. The sacred thread was apparently mentioned in several Hindu legends. In one about Indra, king of the Hindu gods, the thread was pivotal in winning back his home when a demon king invaded. In the legend, Lord Vishnu advised Indra’s wife Sachi to tie a sacred thread round Indra’s wrist. This act helped him reclaim Amaravati (the home of the gods). Raksha Bandhan celebrations were encouraged by writer Rabindranath Tagore as a patriotic act against British rule in Bengal. He used the ceremony as a way of getting boys and girls involved in the freedom movement. Now it is just an act of sibling love, a way of wishing one’s brother longevity and promise that a sister will get her brother’s support. The initiative is part of Angaja Foundations’ attempts to improve the lives of the poor. In fact, the idea of celebrating the festival this way was put forward by Angaja foundation, an endeavor of NGO to provide education to needy children.
YMCA Yuv Utsav and NGO Mela 2017
The two days event was held on 16th and 17th November 2017 at New Delhi YMCA. The theme was ‘Save Motherhood, Safe Motherhood’. The events in which Angaja Foundation children participated are –
- 1. Folk Dance – Isha, Neelam, Swati, Saraswati
- 2. Poster Making – Saloni
- 3. Rangoli – Lakshmi, Kalpana
- 4. Nukkad Naatak – Anisha, Mumtaz, Ilma, Ruchi, Nisha, Sangeeta
- 5. Free Style Dance – Heena, Arsi
- 6. Mehandi – Suman
- 7. Best out of Waste – Lalita Devi, Sushma
- 8. Fist-Roll the Ball – Abhimanyu, Shyam, Abhishek, Roshni, Chandan
Demonstration to support ban on Elephant Joyrides on 6th December 2017 at Connaught Place
On 6th December 2017, Peta organized a demonstration encouraging people to support a ban on the use of elephants for performances and also asking the Tourism Ministry to ban elephant rides altogether. The protest took place from 12 noon to 1 pm at Rajiv Chowk, Connaught Place, New Delhi. Angaja Foundation coordinator Ms Surbhi participated in the demonstration. The volunteers wore white kurta pyjamas along with a ‘Modi’ jacket. They had put on elephant masks and stood holding the placards that read ‘Tourism Ministry: Say No To Elephant Joyrides’. There were around 30 media channels to cover the demonstration. An Animal Welfare Board of India study points out that there's substantial evidence that cruelty is inherent when wild animals such as elephants are violently trained. Their spirits are broken in order to make them obey human commands, they're forced to perform meaningless tricks, they're kept chained when not performing, and they're exhibited in crowded, noisy, and unnatural environments. The elephants that are made to give rides suffer immensely from broken bones and nails, joint ailments and arthritis. They are not given proper vetenary care, food or water, just because they are used as money vending machines. The animal welfare board of India already advised the tourism ministry to bring these animals under the list of non-performing animals which means that they should not be used for performances anymore. Even though The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, prohibits the capturing of elephants, these sacred animals are torn away from their families in their natural habitat, enslaved, beaten into submission, and forced to carry tourists against their will. Elephants are highly social animals, and in the wild, they spend their entire lives with their families. They can walk over 30 miles per day and spend their time foraging for food, working together to solve problems, and relying on the wisdom, judgment, and experience of their eldest relatives. In Hinduism, elephants are worshipped as representatives of Lord Ganesha. But those who are taken from their families and forced to carry tourists in the oppressive heat aren't treated as sacred animals. Instead, they endure torment: They're beaten into submission, chained on hard concrete surfaces, and often malnourished. The awareness was conducted to urge all the people not to take animal rides at all.
On 22nd October, 2017, Delhi Child Rights Club organized a ‘Radio Training Programme’ at Butterflies office. The main objective of the workshop was to train the children how to express their ideas through radio awareness and outreach programme. The programme will be broadcasted on AIR FM Rainbow India (102.6 MHz) called as ”Bachchon Ki Nazar Se” on every Thursday, 4.45pm reaching out to more than twenty million listeners. During the workshop children would be able to prepare one or two radio programme. A Radio Training Programme for the children is an initiative for them to tell their story and bridge the gap between adults’ and children’s perception and make this world a happier, friendlier and safer place for children. The most important aim of the radio programme was to transmit the gained knowledge from the literatures and fields up to the various target groups like the general public and the students. The radio program is an activity which discusses topics related to children, sharing a greater understanding of children’s needs, children’s voice and create a platform for a face to face dialogue to enable children to discuss issues to writing for Radio Training. In this meeting, the children were trained on radio programme production i.e. script writing, voice modulation and program recording. The children prepared the script and got their programmes recorded in Butterflies studio with the help of their media team. Angaja Foundation participated the meeting with two children and facilitator Ms Lalita Ravi at the meeting. Name of the children: Suman from Kalyanpuri and Abhimanyu from Mansarovar Park. Participation of children in this initiative will give them a new skill and will help in developing their personality as well. After listening to the children’s radio programme, their community will also appreciate, encourage and take them more seriously. In this workshop children learnt how to present speech and skits, education, sharing knowledge on issues like Swachch Bharat Abhiyan and Health education.
Gandhi Jayanti - Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Gandhi Jayanti is all across the country. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the “Father of the Nation” who was born on 2nd October 1869. Gandhi had a natural love for ‘Truth’ and ‘duty’ with his complete dedication and confidence; Gandhi freed India from the British Rule and proved the world that freedom can be achieved with non-violence and find peaceful solutions to conflicts. For Gandhi, Truth and Non-violence was his entire philosophy of life. On Gandhi Jayanti, Angaja Foundation organized cleanliness cum awareness campaign on 4th and 5th October 2015 in Mansarover Park and Kalyanpuri slum areas respectively. The campaign was called “Make My India Clean” which was carried out with the team of local community and the school students. Angaja Foundation is a team of motivated and dynamic professionals of young generation hoping to change India's Image as a dirty nation into a clean and beautiful India. People usually clean their own houses, but unfortunately they don’t care about the garbage lying outside their homes and on the streets. One of the purposes of this campaign was to motivate people to not only clean their houses, but also care for the cleanliness of their surroundings. Rules are also made for cleanliness, but people don’t follow them. Most of the time, people are not aware of these rules. Thus, we shall act now before its too late and also our land quality declines because of hazardous addition of waste into the soil added through unsanitary open waste dumping practices in India.
Temple visit on Navratri
The nine-day Navratri festival, dedicated to the nine forms of Devi, began on September 21, 2017. On the first three nights, goddess Durga is worshipped, the next three nights are dedicated to Lakshmi and Saraswati is worshipped on the last three nights of the festival. The nine avatars of Devi, worshipped on nine days are – Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. It is one of the festivals celebrated across the length and breadth of India, though the celebrations in one part of the country are quite different than the other. With various customs and traditions, each region of India has its own unique way of celebrating the Navaratri by honouring the various forms of Mother Goddess with their own rituals and ceremonies. On the occasion of Shardiy Navratri, Angaja Foundation’s Kalyanpuri and Mansarover Park centers children visited the temple. The children got ready in the morning to visit the temple. They performed necessary puja rituals with the help of pandits and seek the blessings of the Devi. They offered flowers and sweets to the idol of Maa Durga and in return they got prashad from the pandit. They prayed for progress of their family and the nation, their health and education and also wished for good yield of crop of their village. The children extended warm wishes of Navratri and blessings of Maa. The visit saw a stunning participation of 50 children with two supervising teachers from our centers in North East Delhi (Mansarover Park and Kalyanpuri). All the children were very happy.
Report on PETA’s fundraising event
On 8 December 2017, PETA organized an event to raise funds for the work they are doing for animals. It was held at Lodhi- The Garden Restaurant near Lodhi Garden. It began with a documentary film showing their work in India in 2017. The film also featured clips on Animal Rahat, Peta’s shelter in Sangli, Maharashtra. It focused on what a lovely life buffaloes, donkeys, dogs and other animals were experiencing at the shelter, having escaped from violence and cruelty. The film was followed by a speech by PETA CEO Dr. Manilal Valliyate who spoke about their work in India and the animal cruelty issues here like Jallikattu. Our General Secretary Ms. Raka Sinha Bal met PETA Founder Ms Ingrid Newkirk who travels to India once a year to participate in this event. They talked about cruelty issues like the slaughter of horses, bull fighting, killing of dogs in China for using their skin and the terrible way in which cows are slaughtered in the West for meat. Ms. Newkirk said that these cruelty issues might hopefully die out with the younger generation. It was a wonderful evening interacting with dedicated animal activists.